Citadelle de Belle-Île-en-Mer
Location: Le Palais, in the Morbihan departement of France (Bretagne Region).
Condition: In good condition.
Ownership / Access: --
Notes: Citadelle de Belle-Île-en-Mer, located in Belle Île dominates the town Palace. It is a strong dominant a haven that is attested very formerly known as Balaë or Pallaé, of obscure origin, which gave its name to the town's Palace (not the Palace, because of the etymology). This fort defended the island against pirates, Spaniards and especially the English in 1683. It was enlarged by the Dukes of Gondi de Retz, then by Fouquet which has made a citadel. Its double enclosure, powerful corner bastions, its outside the mark of Vauban, who stayed there in 1683, 1687 and 1689. Besieged by the end of the Seven Years War, the citadel fell in 1761 in the hands of English who occupied the island until the Treaty of Paris of 1763. He also served as a prison for twelve accomplices of Voisin, compromised in the case of poisons, and the son of man Haitian political Placide Toussaint. Abandoned by the army, it was sold in 1960 and completely restored by two individuals, Mr and Mrs André Larquetoux. The citadel is open to the public and includes a museum about the history of Belle-Ile, with a fine collection of old maps of Britain, as well as a hotel and restaurant.
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