Château de Nice
Location: Nice, in the Alpes-Maritimes departement of France (Provence-Alpes-Cote-d-Azur Region).
Built: 11th century.
Ownership / Access: Owned by the municipality.
Notes: Château de Nice was a fortified structure for military purposes, now the eleventh to the eighteenth century on a rocky hillside overlooking the Bay of Nice. After undergoing several seats, including 1543 and 1691, he was captured in 1705 by French troops then destroyed in 1706 by order of Louis XIV. The place is now known as park and garden, place worship for locals and a must place for tourists. Dits many landscapes and accessible from daybreak until nightfall earned him the nickname "Cradle of the sun," as the place offers beautiful landscapes and varied, depending on where one is on the hill, either at sunrise side Port and to sunset side promenade des Anglais.For old Nice, the castle word evokes more a hill which became famous heroine Catherine Ségurane or a place to walk the site of one of the strongest fortifications in the Mediterranean arc. Castle Hill is a large limestone rock peak at 93 meters with a top made of two plates: One south where will erect seven centuries the castle, a little down the first suburbs north and later citadel. The texts indicate a first urban development in the eleventh century with the presence of a castrum, a cathedral, and diverse habitats on the upper platform. In the middle of the twelfth century, the first suburb built on the northern plateau, quickly protected by a wall, and into the next century the entire city of Nice remains confined space on hills. Following the editing of Nice to Savoy in 1388, the castle (castrum magnum) and pregnant undergo changes and transformations in 1440. The cathedral is rebuilt during this half century. The Nice castle history is marked by the seats it was the subject from the kingdom of France in the war against the Habsburgs which had allied the Duchy of Savoy in 1543, 1691 and 1705, the latest that resulted in its complete destruction.
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